Before Guan Kaiyun returned to Xinjiang, the reporter saw the researcher at the Kunming Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences. At the age of 70, he still insisted on the first line of scientific research and took on a number of heavy responsibilities.
Guan’s Begonia and Kaiyun Mountain Camellia, both plants are named after Kaiyun.
Speaking of his research path, it is actually not flat.
Guan Kaiyun participated in the Qinghai -Tibet Science and Tibetan examination at the age of 23. At the age of 36, he began to study botany. Because of his in -depth research on Begonia, he received a doctorate degree at the age of 54.
At the age of 57, Guan Kaiyun came from Yunnan to Xinjiang, participated in the improvement of the transformation of the Turpan Desert Botanical Garden, built the Yili Botanical Garden, and upgraded the Xinjiang Natural Museum.
"Instead of seeking everything, it is better to make room for the characteristic plants that can adapt to the extreme environment." "As soon as I arrived in Urumqi, the local weather gave me a ‘lower horse." In March 2010, Guan Kaiyun took the heavy snow to Xinjiang to report to Xinjiang to report to Xinjiang to report to Xinjiang to report to the Xinjiang. , Almost slipped in the car. One year ago, Guan Kaiyun went to Xinjiang to travel a business trip. At that time, Tian Changyan, the party secretary of the Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, hoped that he could come to Xinjiang to work. Later, then the then director Chen Xi made a special trip to Kunming to invite him. "I don’t know much about the protection of plants in Xinjiang, and I don’t know what I can do.
"Guan Kaiyun did not dare to agree at first, but when he ordered him to put it in front of him, he resolutely accepted the task.
"I am a party member and must obey the organization arrangement.
As soon as Guan Kaiyun arrived in Xinjiang, it took a month to travel every corner of the Turpan Desert Botanical Garden.
"The climate is arid, but the botanical garden has caused a lot of plants with high water consumption, which is difficult to maintain.
"" Rather than seeking complete, it is better to make room for characteristic plants that can adapt to extreme environments.
"With the efforts of Guan Kaiyun and colleagues, Turpan Desert Botanical Garden has become one of the most desert botanical gardens in China.
"Alpine, river valleys, and oasis plants also need to be protected and developed, and new botanical gardens should be collected and saved these plants." Through the map, read literature, and check data, Guan Kaiyun focused on the Ili River Valley. "It is necessary to consider the needs of ecological protection, but also the convenience of transportation, which is conducive to the opening of scientific research and science in the future … The location of the botanical garden is particularly particular." At the age of 58, Guan Kaiyun traveled through the Ili River Valley, and finally in Xinyuan County Found a wild fruit forest. "The wild apple there is good. It is the birthplace of many apple varieties. It can protect genetic resources and is suitable for building characteristic botanical gardens.
"Guan Kaiyun said. However, the wild Guolin at that time was suffering from the harm of Apple’s little Gee Dingworm, and the eye of a fruit tree was about to die.
As a result, Guan Kaiyun took the local staff to carry out rescue protection before the botanical garden was opened. Today, through artificial breeding and natural updates, the wild apple of wild fruit forest has restored nearly 60%, and the Ili Botanical Garden, which integrates scientific research, species conservation, science education, leisure and sightseeing, has also been completed.
"To attract tourists to visit can more people understand plants and love nature." Kunming Botanical Garden at the Kunming Institute of Plants of the Chinese Academy of Sciences may find the answer.
There are camellia in spring, there are water lilies in summer, Fengxiang Avenue is dyed in the lower layers of the autumn sun, and the begonia in the hometown of the greenhouse in the cold winter is still blooming … Today’s Kunming Botanical Garden has different scenery at four o’clock and has its own characteristics.
In 1995, Guan Kaiyun took over the Kunming Botanical Garden.
"The key to the botanical garden is the conservation, research, and popular science of plants, but when we just took over, we couldn’t even know how many plants in the Kunming Botanical Garden had." We must do it immediately. Guan Kaiyun organized employees to sort out statistics. It was originally expected to have four or five thousand plants, and the statistics were found to be less than half of it.
In order to collect and preserve more rare endangered plants, Guan Kaiyun thought of opening up to the society.
As soon as this idea was proposed, the opposition was endless: "So many people come to visit every day, protect the plants?" "Attracting tourists to visit can make more people understand plants and love nature.
"From a few grass and forests to becoming a popular science popularization point, Guan Kaiyun’s efforts and colleagues made Kunming Botanical Garden no longer just a place to preserve species, but also a platform for scientific research.
Guan Kaiyun admits that his accumulation in the field of plant science stems from the love of plants. In 1976, he was born in an English major and a translation of the translation of the Kunming Botanical Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Collect specimens during the day, press the specimen at night, change water absorption paper, often dry until four or five in the morning, and get up at seven or eight in the morning and continue the scientific examination. "Look at the living plants during the collection, and compare the name when doing specimens. I have to watch it again when pressing the specimen. After a long time, I will slowly know it." Translate and read botanical literature to learn about the latest research dynamics. "I can’t do a few things in my life, then do a good job in front of me." At the age of 36, Guan Kaiyun applied to study botany systematics overseas.
It was also since then that Guan Kaiyun has contacted the field of protection and research of Begonia.
This kind of plant can be seen everywhere in the wild in Yunnan, and it has also become a research direction for Guan Kaiyun for a lifetime. At that time, the team had done classification research, but the protection and breeding research was relatively lacking in China. Guan Kaiyun and the team first put their energy on the collection and preservation of germplasm resources. Begonia has a narrow distribution in the wild, and there are many varieties. It is often a unique variety in a cave.
Moreover, the more rare and endangered, the more difficult the distribution point is. In order to collect Begonia, Guan Kaiyun almost traveled to the mountains and forests in Yunnan.
Once, Guan Kaiyun saw a begonia growing on the cliff. He was nearly sixty years old. He ignored the dangerous rock climbing. "The begonia must be a rare variety, we should collect and protect it." Hundreds of begonias have backups in the Kunming Botanical Garden. The "home bottom" that was finally collected, Guan Kaiyun was given to plant research institutions in many places in China for backup.
Guan Kaiyun said: "Plants are not my personal property.
Sending it backup can better protect the begonia. "After the protection is effective, Guan Kaiyun and the team spend more time on the selection of Begonia varieties. This road is not easier to collect rare varieties on cliffs.
If you want to cultivate a variety, you need to carry out hybridization between different plants. Once pollination is given to tens of thousands of seeds, the characteristics are ever -changing, and the results are difficult to predict; if you choose a suitable character from tens of thousands of plants to continue breeding, you can find stable traits. Variety.
Several generations of breeding, which takes three or five years to take three or five years.
After years of hard work, Guan Kaiyun and the team have trained 27 new begonias and obtained 10 national invention patents.
Today, Guan Kaiyun transmitted the relay stick of Begonia to the students of the students, leaving more energy to Xinjiang’s plant protection.
"The construction of the Yili Botanical Garden is still continuing, and the construction of the greenhouse of the botanical park takes more time …" It has passed the retirement age, and Guan Kaiyun is still motivated. He said, "I just want to do what I want to do. Things. I ca n’t do a few things in my life. The two puppets are white but spiritual, wearing simple and light strikes.
In -depth understanding, I learned that the old man had been running "on the road." Guan Kaiyun said: "Those who love plants are always curious about the world." Recalling the survey of the Wild Resources of Begonia in the past, he saw a bells growing on the cliff from a distance. Essence
It is such a love and focus that made him achieve extraordinary results and made important contributions to the collection and conservation of Chinese plants. During the interview, Guan Kaiyun said many times: "I am just doing what I love." Scientific research needs to focus on, and focus on the love that cannot be separated.