Original title: Currently edited the three new textbooks, where is it started from 2012, the Ministry of Education unified organizations, the establishment of compulsory education ethics and the rule of law, language, history textbooks (hereinafter referred to as "three subjects"), in five years, completed the test work .
According to the Central Committee of the Sanfang Teaching Materials, three years to achieve full coverage requirements, 2017 autumn semester, all-year-grade primary school and junior high school first year, in 2018, the second grade, 2019 All grades are all copied materials.
What is the background of the written textbook? What new features have new textbooks? On August 28, the Ministry of Education held a press conference.
Assistant to the Minister of Education, member of the party group, director of the Textbook Bureau Zheng Guanzhi, the Chinese Department of Peking University, introduced the relevant situation of the three subjects of compulsory education. "Teaching materials construction is why the national business" should be organized to prepare a three-course textbook? Zheng Fengzhi introduced, first, this is the central major decision-making deployment. The Party Central Committee, the State Council has always attached great importance to the construction of teaching materials. Since the party’s 18th National Congress, the Party Central Committee has made a series of important instructions on the construction of teaching materials. It has clearly proposed the construction of teaching materials. It is necessary to improve the national textbook system. The teaching materials work, emphasizes the need to focus on the three-school textbooks in primary and secondary schools, implement national co-editing, pre-trial, and consignment. Second, this is an important measure for the Lid Tree. The three-specific teaching materials have a strong sense of ideology, with extremely important and special educational functions.
The three subjects are conducive to better strengthening the national will, implement the party’s education policy, and implement socialist core values.
Third, this is to further improve the needs of education. Since the reform and opening up, the construction of teaching materials in my country has achieved great results, providing a powerful guarantee for the healthy growth of students. At present, my country’s education is in the new development period. The people have new and higher requirements for "good schools", further improve the quality of education, and must improve the quality of teaching materials.
It is reported that the Ministry of Education’s Basic Education Course Textbook Expert Working Committee has undertaken the review of volunteer ethics and rule of law, language and historical textbooks prepared by the Ministry of Education. 116 experts participating in the review, including professors, special teachers accounted for more than 90%. The Secretary-General of the Ministry of Education Basic Education Course Textbook Expert Work Committee Secretary-General Tian Huisheng introduced the first time Ideological and political review, discipline review, special review, comprehensive review, and comprehensively put the political relationship between the three-course teaching materials, the concept of concept. The Expert Work Committee hasocated 24 reviews of conferences, with more than 900 people participated in the review. Finally, the National Teacter Commission was reported to be reviewed. "Academic thinking and knowing the course" is the suitability of the teaching materials, and conducts trial trial, and considers more than 300 schools in the East and Western, cities and rural areas, and selection of more than 300 schools in many provinces. Listen to the opinions and modify the improvement of textbooks.
What is the main feature of the three subjects? Experts introduction, the language textbooks adopts "Chinese literacy" and "humanistic spirit" two lines combined with the textbook content. "Language literacy" is listening, speaking, reading, writing basic knowledge and abilities, "humanistic spirit" is focused on the ideology of the selection, playing the unique educational value of Chinese literature, with cultural people. The moral and the rule of law is gradually expanded from the family-school-community-national-world living field, and highlights the study material, highlights the practice, and strengthen the practice, strengthen the practice experience, comprehensive system Implement the socialist core values.
Historical textbooks arranged in the "point" "line", "point" is a specific vivid historical fact, "line" is the basic law of the evolution of social development, through history learning to cultivate students’ historical materialism, understand and love The history and culture of the motherland, enhance patriotism, and firm socialist beliefs. "The textbook is not only the problem of the selection. In the structure, the many aspects of the structure is also striving to do innovation and improvement.
"Wen Rugmin uses Chinese textbooks," Now, this set of textbooks, the text is’ Day, Land, People, You, I, He ‘, a big 体, then is’ Gold, Wood, Water, Fire, Soil ‘, Why do you arrange this? It is to help the children build the original feeling of Chinese characters, and the first impression of going to school is Chinese characters.
Put the Chinese, Chinese characters to the first place, emphasize the pinyin is just auxiliary learning of Chinese characters, it is not the purpose, further stimulates the interest of children’s literacy. Strengthening the Excellent Traditional Cultural Education in China and Strengthening Revolutionary Traditional Education.
Chinese textbooks also pay attention to national sovereignty education; junior high school historical textbooks strengthen national unity education, national sovereignty and marine awareness education, international understanding of education; moral and legal textbooks pay attention to the rule of law education. "Creatively design and investigate research, visit access, role playing, discussions, communication sharing, tracking observation, reflection, etc.
"This is one of the review expert groups for the evaluation of moral and rule of law.
Follow the law of adolescents and the law of education and teaching, put abstract, complex discipline knowledge, very well transformed into content, enhanced infectivity, attractiveness, and improving the effects of different age children. The three subjects are an important carrier that implements socialist core values. The teaching materials are written in combination with the characteristics of disciplines and the cognitive characteristics of different age groups. According to the principle of "overall planning, organic integration", three subjects have implemented socialist core values ??for specific programs and implementation maps, 24 words around socialist core values. Selected related learning content, design column activities, using a variety of presentation methods, promote students’ interview, knowing, and striving to strengthen the infectivity and effectiveness of socialist core values. On the one hand, the textbook emphasizes the logic rigorous, the viewpoint science, and on the other hand, it is also very concerned about the idea of ??the idea, and strives to design open contexts, triggering the ideological collision, cultivating students’ dialectical thinking ability. For example, returning the lost bet requires the owner ‘please’ Activities, guiding students around ‘pickups, and reward for remuneration should not be discussed.
Introduction to Wang Jingbo, Professor Wang Jingbo, China University of Political Science and Law.
(Reporter Yan Xiaoyan) Link Sanfa Teaching Material System Structure Ethics and Rule of Law Primary School Moral and Rule of Law Textbook Total 12 volumes, the content of the teaching materials is based on the close level of children’s life, from the near and far-sighted field: My healthy growth, I Family life, our school life, our community and public life, our country’s life, our common world. In the same life field, the macroscopic arrangement method is used in accordance with the difficulty of learning. Junior high school morality and the rule of law, a total of 6 volumes, surrounded by individual, family, school, society, country, and world. In the teaching materials rendering, follow the following logical structure: First, the experience is imported – setting the situation or activity, linking with a more typical student life experience; second is the focus theme, the front statement has a certain knowledge support, principle; three It is a guide to disclose contradiction, in-depth analysis, and has a guidance of related action methods. The language language materials take "Chinese literacy" and "humanistic spirit" double-line combination.
Taking the humanities theme as a clue, co-ordination arrangements, which helps to play the advantages of language education and emotional education; use language literacy as another clue, selection of model texts, arrange the necessary knowledge, optimize learning strategy, and help to promote student language Development of capacity. The Chinese textbooks will be composed of 6 to 8 units per month from the sixth grade.
Each unit 3 to 4 texts, the language garden includes "Japanese Month", "Writing Tips" and other columns.
Seven to ninth grade 6 units, including two major sections of reading and writing, all units inserted "Sigute communication" "comprehensive learning" "famous" "extracurricular ancient poetry reading" and other columns; eight to nine grades Set 1 "Activity Exploration" unit to highlight the concept of task learning.
In accordance with the "point" "line", the history is arranged in the way, "point" is a specific vivid historical fact, "line" is the basic law of the evolution of social development, through history learning to cultivate students’ historical materialism, understand and love the motherland History and culture, enhance patriotism, and firm socialist beliefs.
The specific presentation is the unit – class – destination structure.
Each class is subject to the body, supplemented by functional columns, expanding the vision of students, and cultivating students’ discipline and discipline. (Reporter Yan Xiaoyan sort out) (Editor: Wei Chun Yun (intern), Shenning) Share let more people see the recommended reading.